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Honeymoon in Sudan

Sudan's Red Sea Coast extends for more than 700 kilometers and is characterized by many tourist attractions, including diving and under-water photography, besides boat rowing and water skiing.

The Red Sea Coast enjoys many gulfs and coral reefs as the area is free from contamination which plague many seas and tourist areas in the world.

Sudan also enjoys an ancient heritage in the field of civilizations and antiquities representing a great attraction for tourists both from within and outside the country. This heritage is centred in the Northern areas including Al-Naga', Al-Musawarat, Karima, Al-Berkal, Merwie, Dongola and others.

These areas and others saw ancient civilizations proved by the remains of the pyramids and temples, with a great part of them still lying unearthed. These areas attract many experts and researchers in this field. In addition, they are considered archaeological sites not experiencing any toursit leap before, despite the availability of huge resources in them.

Central areas in Sudan, including Sennar and Sinja, contain antiquities of Al-Funj Kingdom (The Black Sultanate). The antiquities of this area bears testimony to the long and authentic history of the kingdom.

There are many antiquities of the Mahdi State in east and west of Sudan and in the National Capital. These antiquities which reflect the glory and history of the Sudanese people, beside the existence of many other antiquities in other areas deserve concern to attract tourists from abroad to get acquainted with the history of the country at that time.

In East Sudan, at Sawakin area on the Red Sea, there are great antiquities indicating the existence of a historically great period of Sudan's history. Sawakin island, for example, is considered one of the areas which witnessed urban development and unique styles of architecture. It is now regarded as one of the world's few areas in this field. There are many tourists interested in this aspect of history and who can be attracted to these sites.

The state also set up Al-Dinder National Tourist Park for wildlife in the central state in 1935. This park is considered one of the greatest game reserves in Africa. It occupies a unique position north of the equator on an area of 2,470 square miles.

In 1990, the Government announced the establishment of Sanganieb national marine reserve on an area of about 12 square kilometers as a first Sudanese sea reserve at the Red Sea area. The government also set up Arous Tourist Village at the Red Sea area and villages of Jemieza in the Equatorial State. Areas of games are represented in the Red Sea Hills and birds hunting at Kindy Lake in Darfur state after it had been protected against poaching.

There are also game areas in South Sudan, Al-Dari Mountain, Al-Fuweir area, Al-Rugia Al-Zargha area, Talha Al-Misairi and Foanghar Mountain in Kordofan State.

Sudan also enjoys many other tourist attractions such as the archaeological sites in the northern and eastern states. Sudan stepped a vague, hostoric period as a political, local power emerged at the end of the 9th century B.C. which was named Kosh Kingdom. This historic period was divided into two eras: Nabta Kingdom - Merwie Kingdom. The history of most archaeological sites found in Sudan dates back to different periods including the Pharaohnic period - Karma - Kosh - Christianity - Islam.

Jebel Marra

Jebel Marra lies in western Sudan, one of the most distinct places in Darfur region. It stretches for several hundred miles from the small town of Kas in the South up to the outskirts of AI Fasher in the North, covering an area of almost 12800 square kilometres. Jabal Marra is 10,000 ft above sea level, the second highest in the country.

It consists of a range of mountains 240- km long and 80 km. wide, with waterfalls, volcanic lakes in an outstanding scenic beauty.

The climate of the mountain is mild and of Mediterranean nature, where it rains almost the whole year round and that allows for the growth of abundant vegetation of citrus, apples and clusters of dense forest trees. Jebel Marra's heavy rainfall and numerous gorges supply vast arable lands with a continuous flow of water turning it into ideal soil for the cultivation of sorghum, millet, vegetables and a wide variety of orchard trees.

Museums in Sudan

Sudan National Museum

This museum lies on the Nile Avenue in Khartoum overlooking the confluence of the White Nile and the Blue Nile at Al-Mugran area. It was built in 1965. Visitors to the museum find the relics of the various civilizations of Sudan from the First Stone Age to the era of the Al Saltana Al-Zarqa' "black sultanate." The National Corporation for Antiquities and Museums undertook the re-construction of temples that had been transferred during the process of saving relics of the Sudanese Nubia area from being covered by waters of the High Dam. These temples have been reconstructed in the yard of the museum and an artificial lake was dug to symbolize the original site of the temples.

The Ethnography Museum

This museum is located on Al-Gama'a Street in Khartoum.

In 1955 the buildings of the British army club were affiliated to the antiquities department at that time. The department then started the organization and presentation of the ethnographical groups, which had remained in warhouses since 1945, in this museum. The museum was opened in December 1956. The exhibits of the museum have been organized and arranged in such a way that gives a vivid live history of the various Sudanese tribes and their customs and traditions.

Al-Khalifa House Museum

This museum is located in Omdurman near Al-Mahdi's Tomb. It derived its name from the Khalifa Abdellah Al-Ta'aishi, the successor of Imam Mohamed Ahmed Al-Mahdi, who was officially residing at the very same place. This museum was established in 1928 and contains relics of the Mahdist period, Sultan Ali Dinar and Gordon Pasha when he was governor of Sudan.

Sheikan Museum

This museum was built in Al-Obeid town in Kordofan and was opened in November 1965. It was given the name from sheikan Valley, the site of a battle between Al-Mahdi's forces and hicks Pasha army in 1883. The battle was won by Mahdi forces and the museum took on the name in memory of the battle. The museum reflects relics dating back to the Mahdist era, besides other archaeological works of art representing all the successive eras of Sudan. The museum further contains some ethnographical collections.

Sultan Ali Dinar Palace Museum in Al-Fashir

This museum was once a place of residence for the sultan as well as a government office for him. When the sultan died, the palace went into the hands of Al-Fashir governor and was next made a house for the commissioner of the province till 1971. After that, its ownership was transferred to the National Corporation for Antiquities and Museum which transformed it into a museum. The museum exhibits antiquities collections which represent the various historical periods of Sudan from the time of the Stone Age to the era of Christianity.

The museum also shows some of the materials used by the sultan and members of his family. There are also some relics which represent the civilization of Darfur area. 

Sudanese Red Sea

One of the most attractive natural areas of Sudan are its Red Sea coastlines. In fact presently, Sudan is biggest attraction to tourists, especially sea lovers, and has gained an excellent reputation throughout the World.

The geological characteristics of the Red Sea

The Red Sea is a long, narrow marine basin, with a total length of about 1900- km it extends northwards from the strait of Baab El Mandab in Yemen to the southern tip of the

The maximum depth of the Red Sea is 3040 m. off Port Sudan. The Red Sea is unique in the several aspects; among them is its uniform temperature distribution at the surface and at the different depths. At the surface near Port Sudan the temperature range is 26.2-30. 5 degrees Celsius; at a depth of 150 m. the range is still 23. 9-25. 0 degrees.

Moreover, its high degree of transparency reaches up to 46 m. These characteristics have made the Red Sea an ideal place for snorkels, divers and photographers; it is comfortably warm, one could float nicely and the visibility is better than in most other places. The Sudanese coast is 650 km long as the crow flies; numerous embayments and gulfs make it 750 km long.

It has two prominent features; coastal lagoons, locally called marsas, and reefs, called shia"ab in Arabic. The marsas may be protected embayments of the sea, or may be cut into the coastal plain, well beyond the general coastline. In marsas, despite the heavy fresh water influx during the short rainy season, corals grow and build coral knobs (tens of centimeters to meters in size) and the patch reefs (meters to tens of meters in size). As for the reefs, they are distinguished according to their shapes and positioning. There are the fringing reefs, which are immediately at the cost. They line the entire Sudanese coast, with the exception of the marsas and the Tokar Delta in the south. The fringing reefs are usually 1000 m wide and could extend up to 3000 m.

Then there are the barrier reefs, which are generally separated from the coast and the fringing reefs by a ship
channel. The barriers range from narrow discontinuous reef walls, only several tens to a few hundred meters wide, to platforms of up to 14- km in width. Finally there are the atolls, which are reef platforms located furthest offshore, several hundreds of meters to a few kilometers in width and surrounded by waters. Examples of these are the Senganeeb Island and Shia 'ab Rumi. All these types of reef provide shelter to a diversity of marine life.

Marine life

Surrounding the reefs and complimenting them in creating a breath- taking sight, is the wide spectrum of marine life. The Red Sea is famous for its plants and animals; many of which are related to those of the Indian Ocean, but some of which are exclusively found in the Red Sea.

Among the common fish in the Red Sea are the Tarpon, Giant Herring, Salmon Herring or milkfish, Soldier fish, Goggle Eye and Rock Cod.

There are also more than 320 species of sharks, among them such veracious predators as the Tiger Shark and Hammer Shark. It should be noted, however, that unless irritated or attracted by blood, sharks are peaceful animals and, generally speaking shark attacks along the Red Sea coast are very rare.

In addition, several species of whales also find home in the Red Sea, namely the Blue Whale, a 15 m-long giant which feeds on plankton, and the killer Whale, which poses no threat < to humans, but scares off sharks. The Whale Shark, 8 to 10m in length, is a jolly, plankton- eating whale that befriends fishermen.

Recreational Activities
All these characteristics and many they make the Red Sea an attractive location for vacations and relaxation. This is especially true for those who love the Sea and enjoy its offerings. Fans of scuba diving, snorkeling, yachting and various water sports will find the necessary conditions on the Sudanese Red Sea to pursue these activities to their ultimate satisfaction.

The Nuba Mountains

Located in the rich rainy Savannah Belt of Southern Kordofan and shouldering the rich tropics and lakes of Bahr El Jebel, the Nuba mountains are amongst the wonders that are fascinating and capturing for the visitors and travelers.

Vast ranges of great hills, whose up-lands, some furred with woods are traversed by clean crystal rivulets gorges, broad level plains, narrow steep valleys and lush green meadows.

The multi Nuba tribes are indigenous people of modern Sudan, whose folk heritage and ritual traditions by far exceed any other ethnic group. One of the most interesting aspects of Nuba people, who count to more than fifty ethnic tribal groups, are their social and spiritual rituals that engulf every feature of their role in the enrichment and diversity of modern Sudanese society. The Nuba mountains are among the Sudan's most naturally preserved regions.

This is clear from the wide variety of rare vegetation watered by heavy showers of summer rainfall, mountain gorges, and rivulets. The animal life in the Nuba mountains is amazingly rich as expounded by the ubiquitously green land and water flow.

Environment and Tourism in Sudan

Sudan enjoys various tourist resources due to the availability of enormous natural capabilities. It is regarded as one of the richest African countries in wildlife, birds and Nile natural scenery which encourages tourism investment. The climate in Sudan is characterized by varied climatic conditions which are moderate all the year round in the Red Sea area especially in the highlands such as Erkwiet Summer Resort. The special concern being attached to the promotion of tourism in Sudan is necessitated by many factors represented in the necessity of activating domestic internal tourism, notably among the youths to familiarize with their country.

Tourism & the People

Tourism activity also makes youths realize the power of Almighty Allah, thus deepening their faith in Him. It as well inculcates them with love for their country and is further considered an important economic resource as it brings foreign currency to the country. 

Tourism also promotes acquaintance and friendly relations with other people who are attracted to our country by its vast tourist resources. In this way, tourism plays two key roles. First it boosts Sudan's good image to the outside world, reflecting the good nature of its people, its civilization, its popular heritage and its arts. Secondly, it contributes to the boosting of popular diplomacy of the country.

A Bright Future to the Country

Sudan witnessed many successive civilizations such as those of Meroe and Kouh. The antiquities of those civilizations are still seen in many areas of the Northern State, Shendi area, Al-Bejrawia, Al-Naqa', Al-Musawarat, Merawie, karima, Al-Berkal Mountain and others.

These tourist resources can generate a great revenue of foreign currency for the country if they are utilized and promoted in the best way in the international tourism markets. Such being the case, the promotion of these resources gives Sudanese citizens the opportunity to spend their vacations inside the country, a matter which reduces the negative effects resulting from traveling abroad for tourist purposes. Tourism activity started in Sudan since the dawn of independence with the country's meager resources being carefully and honestly directed to reflect Sudan's splendid tourist image to the outside world.

Part of the Red Sea Resources

The coral reefs

One of the most magnificent features of the Red Sea, are its beautiful coral reefs. Corals, or more precisely, their skeletons, are the main components of which reefs are built. Coral is an animal, individually called a polyp, which is generally one to a few millimeters in diameter. It looks like a bag with six arms (or multiples of six), for its protections and support, it forms a skeleton of a kind of limestone, or correlates, as they are called, are cub or tube shaped. Usually, they live in coral colonies, which may be centimeters to several meters in size. Different kinds of corals occur in different areas of the reef, factors such as waves and light determine the nature of the coral, whether of delicate or solid structure. Thus, the distribution of coral reflects their respective adaptation to the prevailing environment conditions in various parts of the reef. Aside from corals, other elements are also instrumental in the structure of reefs, for example, worms and calcareous red algae, a form of marine plants. 

Seasonal Holiday resources:

Arkawit

Arkawit is a summer and winter resort area known commonly as the clouds' tower. Arkawit is located on a high plateau some 205 Km south west of Port Sudan, 39 km from the Red Sea coast, and is accessible by land from all directions. Arkawit is a resort area offering peaceful relaxation on a mountainous region of unspoiled grandeur with an altitude of 1200m. above sea level.

The highest summit in Arkawit the summit of AI Sit MT. (2000 metres above sea level) Rain falls on Arkawit both in winter and summer. Therefore, Arkawit is a homeland for different species of vegetation growing wildly including the endemic Huhuba tree, and visitors will have a chance to see Nubian Ibex known to the locals people as the mountain goat.

Its weather is mild most of the year with tendency to coolness during the winter. In the summer the heat does not exceed 35 degrees. The Bija tribes who are still maintaining theirown languages, customs and crafts encircle Arkawit.

The area is famous for the work of iron and silver smiths and people craft beautiful necklaces, arm bands, silver chains and earrings. It is regarded as one of the most beautiful resort areas in the country.

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