Publiboda

China honeymoon

Come and see why China is drawing millions of visitors from all over the world. And, why each and everyone of them returns home smiling :)

Situated in eastern Asia, and on the western shore of the Pacific Ocean, the People’s Republic of China covers a land area of 9.6 million square kilometers, with an inland and coastal water area of more than 4.7 million square kilometers and an eastern and southern continental coastline extending for about 18,000 kilometers. Its vast maritime territory is studded with 7,600 islands, of which Taiwan is the largest with an area of 35,798 square kilometers. China shares common borders with 14 countries and is adjacent to 8 nations on the ocean. There are 4 municipalities directly under central government administration, 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions and 2 special administrative regions. The capital city is Beijing. China has a population of 1.3 billion (2005).

Tourist attractions

There are far too many natural and cultural attractions in China to name here, but here a few of the highlights.

The Great Wall

great-wallThe Great Wall, starting from the Shanhai Pass on the Bohai Bay in the east and ending at the Jiayu Pass of the Gansu Province in the west, passes through lofty mountains and high ranges as well as mountain creeks and valleys, stretching and undulating for 12,000-plus li (approximately 6,700 kilometers) and traversing seven provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions of North China. As early as in the Spring and Autumn Period, in order to keep the enemy out, various states built the Great Wall by taking advantage of natural barriers. After having unified the whole of China, Qin connected all those sections of defensive walls, to build up the ten-thousand-li Great Wall at a tremendous scale, which was expanded and reinforced later by various dynasties. Up till the Ming Dynasty (1368 to 1644), it had been reconstructed into today’s appearance based on the original foundations. Of an imposing boldness of vision, the Great Wall, one of the great projects in world history, was listed on the “World Cultural Heritage List” in 1987.

Tian’anmen Square, Beijing

Situated in the center of Beijing, the Tian’anmen Square is 880m long from south to north, and 500m wide from east to west, with an area of 440,000sq m. It is the largest square in the city center in the world. The Monument to the People’s Heroes and Chairman Mao Memorial Hall stand in the center ;on the western side of the square is the Great Hall of the people. On the eastern side is the National Museum of China; on the south stand the Zhengyang Gate and Qianmen Embrasured Watchtower, and on the northern side the Tiananmen Gate-tower and the Palace Museum. The Tian’anmen square is imposing, spectacular, tidy, symmetrical and full of power and grandeur. At dawn every day, the five-star red flag, the national flag of the People’ Republic of China, is raised slowly and solemnly.

Palace Museum, Beijing

The Palace Museum is located in the center of Beijing, It was the imperial palace of the Ming and Qing dynasties (1368-1911), with a history of 600 years. It covers an area of 720,000 sq m and has over 9,000 bays of halls and rooms in total. The Palace Museum is the largest, most complete complex of palace buildings with a wooden structure in the world. The whole architectural complex is resplendent, magnificent, solemn and spectacular, It is the quintessence of ancient Chinese architecture and an incomparable masterpiece. The Palace Museum has been included in the List of the World heritage. With a collection of over one million precious cultural relics and art works, the Palace Museum ranks first in all the museum in China in terms of the number of culture relics, and is a world-renowned ancient culture and art museum.

Temple of Heaven, Beijing

Situated in Chongwen District, Beijing, it was the temple where the emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties (1368-1911) worshipped heaven and prayed for good harvest. As the largest building complex for offering sacrifices to heaven in the world, the Temple of Heaven has been included in the List of World heritages. The Temple of Heaven is composed of the outer and inner altars. The main building are concentrated in the inner part, and from south to north, they are the Circular Mound Altar. Imperial Vault of Heaven, Hall of prayer for Good Harvest, and Imperial Heavenly Palace. The most representative building in the temple is the Hall of prayer for Good Harvest, which is a circular wooden structure, with a triple conical roof, a white stone base, deep blue glazed tiles and a gold-plating knob at the top, spectacular, magnificent and solemn, In the temple, tourists can also find the Echo Wall, Three Echo Stones and Dialogue Stones built according to the acoustic principle, fully displaying the high architectural techniques of ancient China.

Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries-Wolong, Mt. Siguniang and Jiajin Mountains

pandaThe world natural heritage of the Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries includes the Wolong, Siguniang and Jiajin mountains with a total area of 9,245km2, and covers 4 cities and prefectures as well as 12 counties of Chengdu, Aba, Ya’an and Ganzi. Living in the place here are over 30% of the wild giant pandas of the world, the largest and most integral habitat of giant pandas, and also one of the regions with richest plant species except the tropical rainforest. Once selected by the Nature Protection International as one of the 25 global bio-diversification popular attractions, it was determined by the Global Environmental Protection Organization as one of the global 200 ecological regions. In July 2006, it was inscribed in the “World Heritage List” as a world natural heritage.

The Terracotta Warriors and Horsesterracotta

The terracotta figures were manufactured by means of using the model sets; firstly moulds were made, and then clay was added to provide individual facial features. Some were fired first and then assembled and vice versa with pure color, high hardness, the terracotta figures present the overall style of vigor, simplicity and fitness. The colored lacquer finish, individual facial features, and replica weapons and armor used in manufacturing these figures created a realistic appearance. The figures include warriors, chariots, horses, officials, acrobats, strongmen, and musicians. Each of them has an individualized appearance, characterized mainly by its facial features, such as the mouth, hairstyle and facial expression. Experts believe they are modeled on real soldiers. The ceramic horses are all strong-limbed. Their heads are rearing and ears pricking. They all look lifelike and alert. The museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses is a great work of art.

Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

The Imperial Tombs of Ming and Qing Dynasties, a cultural-relic building complex planned and constructed with utmost care by the emperors of the two Dynasties of Ming and Qing, embody China’s highest funerary rites of the feudal society and the world outlook, life-death view, moral concept and habitual custom of the feudal society that lasts thousands of years, and embody China’s top-level planning thought and architectural art as well; the tombs are distributed in Beijing, Hebei, Liaoning, Anhui, Jiangsu and Hubei, and their main buildings are integrally preserved, reflecting the original look of the imperial mausoleums.

ming-and-qingAmong the Ming Dynasty imperial mausoleums that are perfectly preserved are: Ming Imperial Mausoleum, Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum, Ming Zuling Mausoleum, Ming Thirteen Mausoleums and Ming Xianling Mausoleum; while among those of the Qing Dynasty are: Qing Yongling Mausoleum, Qing Fuling Mausoleum, Qing Zhaoling Mausoleum, Eastern Qing Mausoleums and Western Qing Mausoleums. In 2000 they were ranked in the “World Cultural Heritage List”. In July 2003, the Ming Thirteen Mausoleums and Ming Xiaoling Mausoleums were put into the “World Heritage List” as a part of the imperial mausoleums of the Ming and Qing Dynasties. And on July 1st, 2004, the Three Mausoleums in Shengjing were listed in the world cultural heritages as the expanded items of the Imperial Tombs of Ming and Qing Dynasties.

Geography and climate of China

The People’s Republic of China, with a land area of 9.6 million square kilometers and a water area of about 4.73 million square kilometers, is the biggest country in Asia and the third largest country in the world. The topography descends toward sea level from west to east and gives rise to a variety of landforms. Mt. Everest in the Himalayan mountain range and lying on the southeast edge of China at 8,848 meters above sea level, is the world’s highest peak. The Yangtze and Yellow rivers, 6,300 kilometers and 5,464 kilometers long respectively, are the most important rivers in China and the Jinghang Canal, which stretches for 1,794 kilometers, is one of the longest artificial canals in the world. Qinghai Lake has an area of 4,583 square kilometers and is the largest inland salt water lake in China while Poyang Lake has an area of 3,583 square kilometers and is China’s largest freshwater lake.

China experiences a complex and varied climate. Most parts of the country lie in the northern temperature zone and subtropical zone and belong to the eastern Asia monsoon climatic area. In winter, the climate is cold and dry and the temperature difference between the south and the north can be forty degrees centigrade, while in summer temperatures are high, it is the rainy season and temperature differences are small. However precipitation varies from 1,500 mm in the southeast to less than 50 mm in the northwest. The extremely high mountainous regions have constantly cold weather and the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau has a unique plateau climate, with a variety of mineral elements and abundant water resources..
china

The history of China

China, with a recorded history of more than 5,000 years, is one of the four ancient civilizations. From the time of the founding of Xia dynasty in the 21st century BC to the late Spring and Autumn period, with the Shang and Western Zhou dynasties in between, society was slavery based. From the time of the Warring States period of 475 BC to the early period of the Qing dynasty, with Qin, Western Han, Eastern Han, Three Kingdom, Western Jin, Eastern Jin, Southern and Northern dynasties, Sui, Tang, Five dynasties, Song, Liao, Jin, Yuan, and Ming in between, society was feudal. After the Opium War in 1840, China gradually turned into a semi-colonial and semi-feudal society as a result of imperialist invasion. In 1911, the 1911 Revolution, led by Sun Yat-sen, ended the monarchy and on October 1, 1949, the CPC, under the leadership of Mao Zedong, led the masses and established the People’s Republic of China.

Ethnic Groups

There are 56 ethnic groups in China, among which the Han people account for 92% of the total population while the other 55 ethnic groups 8%. In addition to the Han, the other ethnic groups are: Zhuang, Hui, Uyghurs, Yi, Miao, Manchu, Tibetan, Mongols, Tujia, Buyei, Korean, Dong, Yao, Bai, Hani, Kazakh, Dai, Li, Lisu, Va, She, Lahu, Sui, Dongxiang, Nakhi, Kyrgyz, Tu, Qiang, Daur, Jingpo, Mulao, Xibe, Salar, Blang, Gelao, Maonan, Tajik, Pumi, Nu, Achang, Ewenki, Uzbeks, De’ang, Jing, Jino, Yugur, Bonan, Russian, Monba, Derung, Oroqen, Tatars, Lhoba, Gaoshan, and Hezhen.

Language

Mandarin is commonly used in modern China, and is one of the five working languages designated by the United Nations. Fifty-three ethnic groups speak their own distinct languages and 23 ethnic groups have their own writing scripts.

Family Names

Chinese family names came into being some 5,000 years ago. There are more than 5,000 family names in China, of which 200 or 300 are popular. The order of Chinese names is family name first. For example, the family name of a person called Li Ming is Li.

Religion

Religions represented in China include Buddhism, Daoism, Islam, Catholicism and other Christian groups. People are free to pursue any religion.

Related articles:

  • None was find
Your comments

Comments (0)






Allowed tags: <b><i><br>Add a new comment:


Advertising

We recommend