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Princess Elizabeth & Prince Philip

elizabeth_and_philipPrincess Elizabeth Alexandra Mary, born April 21, 1926, was the first child of Prince Albert, Duke of York (later King George VI), and his wife, Elizabeth (later the Queen Mother).

When she was born, she was not expected to become queen, but her uncle’s abdication put her father on the throne and Elizabeth became the heir to the throne.

Prince Philip was born Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark. He joined the Royal Navy in 1939 and became a naturalized British subject after the war, in February 1947. He was required to choose a surname in order to continue his career in the Royal Navy, and adopted Mountbatten, the name of his mother's British relatives. He was created Duke of Edinburgh by King George VI on his marriage to Princess Elizabeth. 

 

royal_familyFamily life

The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh have four children: Prince Charles, The Prince of Wales (b. 1948), Princess Anne, The Princess Royal (b. 1950), Prince Andrew, The Duke of York (b. 1960), and Prince Edward, The Earl of Wessex (b. 1964).

The couple have seven grandchildren: Peter Phillips (b. 1977), Zara Phillips (b. 1981), Prince William (b. 1982), Prince Harry (b. 1984), Princess Beatrice (b. 1988), Princess Eugenie (b. 1990), Lady Louise Windsor (b. 2003), and James, Viscount Severn (b. 2007). They also have two grandchildren by Peter Phillips and his wife Autumn: Savannah and Isla.

The engagement

Princess Elizabeth and Prince Philip first met as children when they attended the wedding of Prince Philip's cousin, Princess Marina of Greece to The Duke of Kent, who was an uncle of Princess Elizabeth, in 1934.

Their engagement was announced on July 9, 1947. Elizabeth’s platinum and diamond engagement ring was made using diamonds from a tiara belonging to Prince Philip's mother.

The wedding ceremony

The 21-year old future queen of England wed the love of her life Philip Mountbatten were married in Westminister Abbey on November 20, 1947 at 11.30am, with 2,000 invited guests.

The wedding was a joyous occasion for the British people during the post-war period. Thousands of people lined the processional route and were able to file through the Abbey after the service. Millions listened to the live radio broadcast.

The film of the wedding was watched by many thousands of people at cinemas across the country.

carriage

The wedding ring

The bride's wedding ring was made from a nugget of Welsh gold which came from the Clogau St David's mine.

The wedding reception

cakeThe wedding breakfast was held in the Ball Supper Room at Buckingham Palace. Guests were served Filet de Sole Mountbatten, then Perdreau en Casserole (braised partridge) and finally Bombe Glacée Princess Elizabeth.

The wedding cake

The cake was nine feet high in four tiers, weighing 500-pounds, with painted panels of the armorial bearings of both families, and included the monograms of bride and groom, sugar-iced figures to depict their favorite activities, and regimental and naval badges.

The cake was cut using The Duke's Mountbatten sword, which was a wedding present from the King. The cake was made by McVitie and Price of Edinburgh, who had made the bride’s parents’ cake in 1923.

The wedding gifts

The royal couple received over 2,500 wedding presents from well-wishers around the world. Most were put on display for a few days in a charity exhibition at St James's Palace. From India, there was a piece of crocheted, cotton lace made from yarn personally spun by Mahatma Ghandhi. A thoroughbred filly racehorse was given by the Aga Khan.

The wedding guests

Guests attending the wedding included the The King and Queen of Denmark, the King and Queen of Yugoslavia, the Kings of Norway, Romania and the Shah of Iran. 

The honeymoon

The bride and bridegroom left the Palace showered with rose petals. The couple departed Waterloo station with the Princess's corgi, Susan, for their honeymoon.

The newlyweds spent their wedding night at Broadlands in Hampshire, home of Prince Philip's uncle Earl Mountbatten. The second part of the honeymoon was spent at Birkhall on the Balmoral Estate.

 balcony

SOURCE: www.royal.gov.uk/

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